“The term ‘moderate Islam’ is being used again. It was invented by the West. There is no moderate or radical Islam; there is only Islam. Use of this term is intended to weaken Islam” (Turkish President Recep Erdoğan).
“The Prophet showed us the way according to his ‘hadith’ and says that it is worthy of faith. Thanks to faith in this way, we fought… I fought against the Wahhabis for Allah” (Chechen President Ramzan Kadyrov).
The dream of a moderate Islam and an Islamic enlightenment, carried forward by Muslims themselves, has remained largely a dream to this day, with few exceptions. It has not yet died out, but liberal Muslims – who allow themselves to be recognized as such – remain isolated, and very often must be protected because they are threatened by their co-religionists. The real dividing line in Islam does not seem to be between fighters for a liberal Islam and fighters for human rights in the Western sense, but between traditional conservative Islam and radical Islam, as preached by Ibn Taymiyya, Abd al-Wahhab and Sayyid al-Qutb.
In some Muslim societies this line of demarcation is very clear and the struggle between these two forms of present-day Islam is very often brutal, as in the North Caucasus, especially among the Chechens. This small people became famous because of the war with Russia in the 1990s. At that time it was considered a “Russian problem.”