On February 17, 2021, the new Italian government led by Mario Draghi won a confidence vote in the Senate with 262 votes in favor, 40 against and 2 abstentions. The next day, in the Chamber of Deputies, he received 535 votes in favor, 56 against and 5 abstained. Draghi thus was able to form the third government of the 18th legislature, following the resignation of Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte, who was in his second term.
Draghi’s appointment came after a series of consultations conducted first by the Head of State, Sergio Mattarella, and then by the President of the Chamber, Roberto Fico, who had been asked to sound out the possibility of a new agreement between the parties of the previous majority (supported by the Five Star Movement, the Democratic Party, Italia Viva and Liberi e Uguali).
“I feel, therefore, a duty to appeal to all political forces in parliament to show their confidence in a government of national unity, which should not be tied to any particular political agenda. I am resolved therefore, to confer a mandate as soon as possible to form a government that will promptly address the grave emergencies that must be faced without delay” (Statement of President Mattarella at the end of the meeting with President Fico of the Chamber of Deputies, February 2, 2021, in www.quirinale.it).
With these words, on February 2, 2021, the President of the Republic, Sergio Mattarella, concluded his address to the citizens and the political parties. To resolve the government crisis brought on by Conte’s resignation on January 26, 2021, there was no need to go down the road of new elections, as desired by the opposition parties (Forza Italia, Lega and Fratelli d’Italia). The President of the Republic, as is his prerogative, presented a new proposal for a government of national unity, asking for the support of all parliamentary parties and independents.