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Reflecting the Mind of the
Vatican since 1850
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The Democratic Republic of the Congo and South Sudan: Two countries, many facets
The first thing that the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and South Sudan have in common is the fact that they are in the heart of Africa, or nearly so. The two countries also have something else in common: they have both been going through a permanent political crisis and a pandemic of violence for years, albeit each with its own peculiarities. Insecurity in the DRC is most pronounced in its eastern part, while in South Sudan it is spread across the country.

The DRC, a country-continent in the heart of Africa – also called Congo-Kinshasa, to differentiate it from Congo-Brazzaville, its neighbor to the northwest – has experienced repeated crises since 1995. Numerous rebellions that have bloodied its eastern part in recent years. This situation obviously makes it difficult for the country to develop. Moreover, it has experienced a succession of dead-end political crises, particularly during elections which are always contested and discredited.

As for South Sudan, after gaining independence in 2011, at the cost of tensions and violence, it has been mired in conflicts between its leaders since 2013. In the short, medium and long term, there is still no end in sight to the political uncertainty generated by tensions at the top of the state.

In this context, the Catholic Church is active in making its contribution to the progress of both countries, not only through its works (pastoral, charitable, health, educational, etc.), but also in the pursuit of peace and reconciliation.
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