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Al-Ghāzalī

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The pilgrimage to Mecca as mandated by the Quran (2:119; 3:90; 14:38; 22:28; 9:3), is an experience of purification and an opportunity to meditate on the “last day” and on divine judgment. Many ḥadīth refer to the pilgrimage, and often these texts emphasize the modalities, obligations and dispensations of the precept, along with references to… Read the full article

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In order to understand the challenges Christian communities in the Middle East face, it is necessary to understand the ways in which, through centuries of history, Islam institutionally organized its relations with the different religions – in particular with Christianity – across its vast territories. This is a problem that Islam had to face very… Read the full article