1

middle east

9161

1

The specter of xenophobia in Europe For years Europe has been haunted by a specter threatening its political, social and cultural cohesion. This specter is a fear of immigrants, and particularly Muslim immigrants, astutely manipulated through media narratives. In our societies – in those less open and democratic – the refugee is sometimes seen not… Read the full article

3090

1

Geographic maps are a mirror of time: borders and boundaries move on the chessboard of history and speak of wars, foreign occupations and international treaties. Daniel Pennac commented, “Writing history means messing up geography.”[1] Élisée Reclus, the French geographer and politician, was well aware of it in the 1950s when he penned an important work… Read the full article