Seventy-five years ago, on November 29, 1947, the United Nations passed resolution 181, which partitioned Palestine into two states, one Jewish, the other Palestinian Arab. The State of Israel became a member of the UN in May 1949. However, a fully sovereign State of Palestine still does not exist, even though 65 years after the passing of resolution 181, on November 29, 2012, the UN recognized Palestine as a “non-member observer state,” a status it shares uniquely with the Holy See. The 65 years that elapsed between the partition plan and the acceptance of Palestine as a non-member observer state need to be revisited in order to comprehend the present state of the Israel/Palestine conflict, which is at the center of the ongoing instability in the Middle East. What was the proposed partition? What led to the partition decision? What were the consequences of this decision? Finally, is partition still a relevant solution to the Israel/Palestine conflict today?